Spodoptera frugiperda and other Spodoptera species suspected to be S. littoralis have been observed in maize farms in Ghana. What is the implication of the coexistence and infestation of these Spodoptera species to FAW management and crop protection. How does this affect Natural enemies population dynamics and effectiveness?
S. littoralis larvae collected had Cotesia sp. emerging from them. Host acceptance trial will be done on Coccygidium luteum.